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潑水節簡介,潑水節的傳說故事

時間:2018-05-13來源: 作者:

  潑水節,亦稱“浴佛節”,又稱“楞賀尚罕”,是傣族、阿昌族、布朗族、佤族、德昂族以及泰語民族和東南亞地區的傳統節日,當日,中國西雙版納、泰國、老撾、緬甸、柬埔寨等國,以及海外泰國人聚居地如香港九龍城、臺灣新北市中和區等地的人們清早起來便沐浴禮佛,之后便開始連續幾日的慶祝活動,期間,大家用純凈的清水相互潑灑,祈求洗去過去一年的不順。潑水節是傣族的新年,相當于公歷的四月中旬,一般持續3至7天。

  

  潑水節是展現傣族水文化、音樂舞蹈文化、飲食文化、服飾文化和民間崇尚等傳統文化的綜合舞臺,是研究傣族歷史的重要窗口,具有較高的學術價值。潑水節展示的章哈、白象舞等藝術表演有助于了解傣族感悟自然、愛水敬佛、溫婉沉靜的民族特性。同時潑水節還是加強西雙版納全州各族人民大團結的重要紐帶,對西雙版納與東南亞各國友好合作交流,對促進全州社會經濟文化的發展起到了積極作用。

  

  2006年5月20日,該民俗經國務院批準列入中國第一批國家級非物質文化遺產名錄。

  

  時間:傣歷六月,一般在公歷4月13日至15日。

  

  主要流行地區:中國云南、泰國、緬甸等。

  

潑水節簡介,潑水節的傳說故事

  節日傳說

  

  潑水節距今已有七百年歷史。最初只是印度婆羅門教的一種宗教儀式,隨著佛教的傳播,潑水節經緬甸傳入中國云南傣族地區。

  

  關于傣族潑水節的由來,有三大傳說。

  

  傳說一,李良救火。相傳金沙江邊的密林里有一處傣族村寨。一次因樹林起火,村寨及村民危在旦夕。一名叫李良的傣家漢子,獨自與林火對抗。他從金沙江里挑來江水,一桶一桶潑灑山火。經過一天一夜的勞累,大火滅了,李良卻化身為一條巨龍,游進金沙江中,再也沒有回來。也有人說他變成了一棵青松,給村寨以庇佑。為紀念李良,每年農歷三月初三,大家都會清掃房屋并撒上青松葉。或是在金沙江邊搭起長半里的青樹棚,棚下鋪滿松針,兩旁放上盛滿水的水槽。正午時,人們穿行于棚下,用松枝蘸水灑身,祭奠李良,祈福新年。隨后固定成俗,變為潑水節。www.xz877.com

  

  傳說二,七女子除魔。古時,一個叫捧瑪點達拉乍的魔神,在人間為非作歹。人間雨旱失調,百姓苦不堪言。智慧的天神英達提看不下去了,但他又無力戰勝魔神。于是,他裝扮成英俊的小伙子,將真相告訴了捧瑪點達拉乍的七個女兒。七個善良的姑娘決定大義滅親。當得知捧瑪點達拉乍的頭發是唯一可以殺死他的武器時,七個姑娘用酒將魔神灌醉,拔下他的頭發做成弓弦,費盡九牛二虎之力終于割下了惡魔的頭。但是,滾落的頭顱引起熊熊大火,燒盡草木,燒到村寨。姑娘們只得把魔頭抱入懷中,每隔一段時間輪換一次。每次輪換時,她們便打來清水相互潑灑,以除污穢。百姓們為了紀念英勇的七姐妹,將魔神捧瑪點達拉乍的頭顱腐爛的日子,定為潑水節。這一天,人們以潑水表達祝福,以求平安幸福。

  

  該傳說的另一個版本是,用魔神頭發殺死魔神的不是他的七個女兒,而是他的七位妻子。

  

  傳說三,逆子思親。相傳一個忤逆的兒子時常虐待其母親。直到有一次他去山上干活,看見烏鴉反哺的情景,動容了。他回想起以前的種種不孝舉動,意識到自己的錯誤,決心痛改前非。此時,他年邁的母親正好上山給他送飯,由于不慎,她滑了一跤。兒子忙過去扶她,母親卻以為兒子又要出手打罵,干脆一頭撞在樹上,憤懣而死。兒子痛心不已,他把那棵樹砍下來雕成母親的樣子,每年母親的忌日都要把雕像浸到撒著花瓣的溫水中清洗,以示思念。逆子的思親之舉感染了鄉親,隨后大家就在逆子母親忌日這天潑水求福。隨后,形成了潑水節。

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