[歷史故事] [手機訪問]
歷史故事網-我們一直都在這里!
當前位置: 首頁 > 民國故事 > 

耶魯大學與湘雅醫院的歷史故事

時間:2019-01-08來源:歷史故事網 作者: 孫卓

  耶魯在湖南 (1)/孫卓
  耶魯是美國的著名大學,培養出的歷屆總統、國務卿、參眾議員不計其數,獲諾貝爾獎金的科學家也不計其數,這是許多人都知道的。那么耶魯與遠在萬里之外的中國湖南有什么關系呢?這卻是很多人所不知道的。
  湖南省會長沙市內有一所歷史悠久的醫院──湘雅醫院,它的對面隔著馬路,就是并校后歸屬中南大學的湖南醫學院了,而湘雅醫院一度叫做"湖南醫學院附屬第一醫院",其實湖南醫學院在解放前一直叫做"湘雅醫學院"的。所以"湘雅"既是醫院之名,也是醫學院之名。
  那么"湘雅"到底是什么意思呢?"湘"字不難理解,湖南省之簡稱也,自古如是;而"雅"字呢?那本是"雅禮"的縮稱,而這"雅禮"不過是"耶魯"(Yale)的舊譯而已。如此說來,"湘雅"醫學院及附屬醫院,自然就是"湖南耶魯"醫學院及附屬醫院了。其實更值得一提的是,湘雅醫院是中國規模完善的第一所現代西醫醫院,比聲名赫赫的北京協和醫院問世還要早上六年!那么又是因為什么原因,中國的第一所西醫院竟設在了遠離政治經濟中樞的湖南長沙,而不是在首都或是開風氣之先的沿海呢?這就說來話長了。
  湖南這個地方有兩個特點,一是富庶,自古有"湖廣熟,天下足"之謂;二是人不安分,敢為天下先者眾多,所以才有"無湘不成軍"和"亡中國除非先亡湖南"之說。戊戌年那個孤身威逼武人袁世凱殺西太后不成,事敗可逃而不逃,偏要以身殉難的譚嗣同,就是湖南人的典型標本,更不必論前之曾左,后之毛劉了。說這么幾句題外話,為的是要說明,把"耶魯"給惹進湖南,說到底還是湖南人自己這點_脾氣。
  晚清國事日非,列強環伺,教案頻起,湖南便適時出了個按捺不住的周漢。周漢,字鐵真,寧鄉人,曾入左宗棠幕府幫辦營務,升陜西候補道,后因病返湘,寄居省城長沙,在寶善堂刊印圖書。光緒十四年(公元1889年),周漢由于耳聞目睹西洋傳教士來華日多,內中頗有包攬詞訟、強占田產的不法情事,乃刊刻了一本專以反洋教為目的的通俗圖冊,題名叫做《天豬教》。之后周漢一發而不可收,秘密刻印散發類似的反教宣傳品長達十年之久,且種類繁多,數量驚人,流布于湖南全省,乃至于長江流域,華北西北,均有人暗中傳閱。周漢的言論中,不外乎稱世間只有儒釋道三正教,其余皆為邪教、妖教、"天豬教"(取天主教之諧音);洋人來華只是想"謀中國江山,剝中國銀錢,害中國性命";說洋教士拿中國人剜眼、割腎、取胎、切奶,無惡不作;國人自應"崇正黜邪"、"殺身報國",以衛道保種云云。周漢的宣傳品對于催生后來的義和團滅洋風潮,應有相當之作用。周漢的免費宣傳一干十年,清廷與各國傳教士竟然俱不知何人所為。總理各國事務衙門在洋人的催逼下明察暗訪,發現這些印刷品多來自湖南長沙,終于偵知周漢其人。湖廣總督張之洞在洋人和上峰的雙重壓力下,按李鴻章給出的主意:"以別項劣跡,奏明酌量辦理",給周漢扣了一個"瘋癲成性,煽惑人心"的罪名,將他"照瘋病例"留獄長期拘押監禁,時在光緒二十三年(公元1898年)。說起來思想政治犯另擬罪名定讞,以防人之口,真是由來已久呢。
  周漢被囚,是在庚子之變前,但他的影響卻及于庚子之后。當京城和華北的"拳亂"鬧得洶洶然,而后八國聯軍登陸大沽口,進軍北京解使館之圍,迫使"兩宮西狩"的時候,湖廣總督張之洞與兩江總督劉坤一聯絡兩廣總督李鴻章,與洋人搞起了"東南互保",其實是以理性的態度拒不執行慈禧與所有洋人開戰的"亂命",極力保持洋務運動好不容易才開創的現代化進程,這份苦心在亂平后是連老佛爺自己都不得不稱贊的。可站在類似周漢的"華洋不兩立"的頑固立場上來看,則"謂朝廷誤信李、張則可,謂朝廷誤信拳民則不可"(湖南邵陽欲組軍"勤王"的賀金聲語),所以"蓋天下百姓之于洋人,莫不恨入骨髓,思圖報復。向之所以未發者,畏李、張得挾天子以防制之"(出處同前)。在遠離北方戰亂中心的湖南,竟連續發生逆張之洞等維持和局意圖的事件:衡州教案、辰州教案、賀金聲欲組軍勤王案,表現出強烈的仇洋情緒,恐怕不能說與周漢此前的大力宣傳無關。于是張之洞處于微妙的局勢之中,自然不得不委曲周旋,對內彈壓,對外解釋,雖勉力平息事態,卻留下了"奴顏媚外"的罵名。
  湖南人頑固排外的名聲遠播,竟然傳到了大洋彼岸的美國耶魯大學,激起了一群同樣倔_的美國年輕人的傳教熱情!他們積極籌集資金,爭取教師支持,到1902年共募集一萬七千美元,成立了"耶魯外國傳教團",建立了"耶魯中國計劃"(Yale in China),決心在中國縱深地區推行基督教教育,要"為上帝,為遠東的兄弟們的福祉,貢獻名曰‘耶魯精神’的那種力量",他們發誓要將基督精神發揚光大于最保守排外的湖南!而絕不愿意坐享其成,去諸如北京上海那樣看起來更適合開展工作的地方。他們奔的就是長沙這個"散布以暴力手段對付傳教士的言論中心",真有點明知山有虎,偏向虎山行的勇氣呢。這大概就是"兩個文明的沖突"?鑒古而知今,一百年前湖南"_驢子"們保種衛道的執拗,比之今日之中東伊斯蘭原教旨主義者何如?而當年耶魯學子們的傳教熱情,比之今日小布什不惜動用武力,必欲向全世界推行其價值觀的"牛仔外交"又何如?真個是后之視今,猶如今之視昔乎?噫嘻,悲夫……
  反正"耶魯"就這么到湖南來了!其后盾是所謂"雅禮基金會",目的是仿照英國牛津大學和劍橋大學在印度設立傳教會的方式,也在中國設立雅禮會,并發展會員。經一番實地考察后,雅禮會決定邀請正在印度孟買行醫的愛德華。休姆(E.H.Hume)代表雅禮會,到湖南行醫,建立傳教的立足點。然而休姆因祖父、父親都在印度工作多年,此時他自己已在孟買開設了一家醫院,視印度為自己的第二故鄉,他不愿去陌生混亂的中國湖南。可雅禮會自有做思想工作打動休姆的辦法:他們承諾讓他去辦一家最新式的現代化醫院,而且在時機成熟時,要開辦一家像休姆的母校約翰。霍普金斯醫學院那樣的醫科大學。這個誘惑太難以抵制了,特別是對于休姆這樣一個年輕有為、事業心極強的醫生來說。休姆專為此行學習了一年漢語后,終于在1905年攜嬌妻幼兒登船浮海而來,于次年歲初抵達長沙,他時年29歲,從此以漢名"胡美"為中國人所知。他為自己取這樣一個名字,是否在表示我是一個為湖南服務的美國人?此種臆測已無從證實。只知他在與中國人打交道時謙和有禮,常躬身自我介紹:"敝姓胡,胡美。" 

發表評論 共有條評論

暫無

昵稱: 驗證碼:

微彩 www.00tdc.com | www.2373w.com | x86811.com | www.ljw035.com | www.71399g.com | kk3384.com | www.wns10.com | www.83993f.com | j2489.com | www.698js.com | www.607995.com | 666cp.net | www.hgbet5.com | 8522cccc.com | www.1569227.com | www.12czj.com | 28288q.com | www.r3065.com | 66300vip45.com | www.veb188.com | www.09088.com | j84105.com | www.73kh.com | www.190883.com | P35ee.com | www.a991qp.com | 444000.com | www.697002.com | 2140055.com | www.7830e.com | www.055m.cc | 998m.cc | www.j37.cc | w1915.com | www.78937.com | www.912278.com | 5589b.com | www.1466z.com | 1294y.cc | www.377666b.com | b01234.com | www.msc66.com | www.859509.com | 68963777.com | www.6364s.com | 3189vv.com | www.4058.com | 4393.com | www.pj9060.com | 8381f.com | www.9737yy.me | wnsr8819.com | www.pj7608.com | 80892b.com | www.24xjw.com | ncw060.com | www.kelake99.com | www.505354.com | www.7754j.com | www.839658.com | 00778x.com | www.371r.cc | 131mm.net | www.9155b.cc | yk105.com | www.2875r.com | 192160.com | www.192818.com | 36989b.com | www.3775p.com | 3568c.com | www.392518.com | 5295v.com | www.99094g.com | 8159mmm.cc | www.68993267.com | 2078q.com | www.66652f.com | hga018.com | www.50732g.com | 3189q.com | www.8499y.com | zhcp70.com | www.888xm.cc | www.365109b.com | www.507283.com | www.4442558.com | www.196702.com | www.777989.com | ceeger.com | www.hg8870.com | 86mv.com | www.1183066.com | dzhcp2.com | www.80075x.com | feicai08059.com | www.672366.com | www.18373876153.com | 2012bet5.com | www.ly29.com | 8890aa.com | www.916177.com | 2267p.com | www.783309.com | www.7830f.com | k47479.com | www.8850w2.com | 8037iii.com | www.460433.com | 8866vn77.com | www.288645.com | www.335503.com | vv879101.com | www.12136o.com | 5360vv.com | www.088wy.com | www.4972dd.com | 65005z.com | www.hg8bb.com | 93922w.com | www.80065m.com | 4444661.com | www.209713.com | www.76773.com | 86811ee.com | www.76520j.com | www.066119.com | 16690022.com | www.0600x.cc | www.81866k.com | 243d9.com | www.5146z7.com | 3522h.vip | www.ya218.com | www.37090000.com | 55545q.com | www.dsj11.com | www.0011hg.com | v3144.com | www.77201.com | feicai0791.com | www.262548.com | www.o3065.com | v5429.com | www.965666.com | www.359812.com | 065l.com | www.898463.com | www.gd3658.com | 66671.com | www.805357.com | www.jxcp3333.com | 2211365.com | www.918356.com | www.009789.com | t21148.com | www.723135.com | www.n948n.com | long397.com | www.068631.com | www.3983201.com | 30019s.com | 44488r.com | www.56011u.com | www.yh66601.com | pj88cc.com | www.ylylc01.com | www.pj85993.com | 708365.com | www.3479q.com | www.mm6666.com | 3950s.com | www.599830.com | www.hg98097.com | 77665156.com | 22883.com | www.66621l.com | www.js749.com | heji256.com | www.177804.com | www.0600m.cc | www.4912f.com | 55323u.com | www.346977.com | www.2021.com | www.v2808.com | 76886z.com | www.508869.com | www.478378.com | www.32126x.net | 0080u.com | www.836595.com | www.9737zz.com | www.033033f.com | xpj677m.com | www.cp9829.com | www.746824.com | 4123ll.com | 4289y.com | www.778811aa.com | www.s2894.com | www.21365hh.com | 4196i.com | 4647u.com | www.sha0033.com | www.yh3333.cc | 06381818.com | zz180.com | www.988046.com | www.am1155.com | 923130.com | b899.xyz | www.767397.com | www.vnsr928.com | www.xxx2205.com | 4809h.com | 9902666.com | www.30601.cc | www.2021g.com | www.2846s.com | 6766gg.com | 470178.com | www.960923.com | www.wns123k.com | www.3170005.com | h8381.com | beiyong.bet | www.163136.com | www.99677b.com | www.3726.com | www.21050022.com | 6245i.com | pj88ll.com | www.73166i.com | www.33015.cc | www.56011b.com | www.7188188.com | www.7435q.com | 3568s.com | 3544.am | www.672566.com | www.1009.cc? | www.mgm868007.com | www.1569227.com | 123456bb.cc | 44449.com | 5lc8.com | www.546669.com | www.7957988.com | www.bwinyz22.com | www.xl307.com | www.1019992.com | 2127p.com | 44775156.com | 2535b.com | www.532918.com | www.15355g.com | www.aa00668.com | www.9jsjs.com | www.84816.com | vns345777.com | 67890lll.com | 3807ii.com | jsjlb77.com | www.621329.com | www.34788n.com | www.11599059.com | www.hgdc600.com | www.05899.com | www.3188722.com | 777hg000.com | 8977vv.com | bdg1166.com | wlb111.com | 11018h.com | www.547677.com | www.hong663.com | www.5647.com | www.ws966.com | www.89599z.com | www.blr730.com | www.66939988.com | www.8694v.com | www.1869x.com | gg3189.com | 73055j.com | rrr5657.com | x48f.com | 93922k.com | 9479a0.com | 87680g.com | 7742w.com | www.202341.com | www.672766.com | www.hm3355.com | www.3552p.com | www.50051g.com | www.580786.com | www.s98478.com | www.12136a.com | www.hgdc300.com | www.7415f.com | www.938p.cc | www.8yw.net | www.78188d.com | www.bmw8555.com | www.66939988.com | www.0393901.com | www.amxhtd11.com | www.13558u.com | www.21365xx.com | www.vns518.com | www.sun008.cc | www.hg3636.com | www.bet2828365.com | www.753055.com | www.xpj8878.com | www.621155b.com | www.pjzhejiang.com | www.hg0233.com | www.008833.cc | www.333222c.com | www.223456s.com | www.xpj8838.com | www.h7788h.com | www.j833.com | www.hg7621.com | www.56bet365.cc | www.h976.com | www.9737oo.me | www.22vn777.com | www.80188d.com | www.79095s.com | www.yz7704.com | www.9989589.com | www.4988d.cc | www.41518r.com | www.595hc.com | www.902257.com | www.591029.com | www.77114o.com | feicai0792.com | 8159nn.cc | xinvip9.com | 119649.com | wanyingjia.com | mf709.com | 1407v.com | www.866918.com | www.pj5757.com | www.48tk.com | www.dsn88.net | www.86339w.com | www.36586666.com | www.696by.com | www.544087.com | 9339999j.com | 3522nn.com | 9659t.com | w9w8w7.com | www.85770y.com | www.5139sss.com | www.2y931.com | www.33678gg.com | www.4833011.com | www.5cpb.com | www.99638o.com | 12772255.com | lc99y.com | 44077y.com | www.222380.com | www.532159.com | www.104665.com | www.02088.com | www.am7779.com | www.153880.com | 3522t.vip | 6487iii.com | 56988vv.com | www.4938j.com | www.5966iii.com | www.88325n.com | www.21202x.com | www.351376.com | ss4675.com | 35222rr.com | www.pj80888.com | www.000894.com | www.40288x.com | www.7782t.com | www.235187.com | 69111r.com | 3452015.com | www.dy6611.com | www.27363i.com | www.5953688.com | www.771746.com | yy2649.com | 3890j.com | www.pjshandong.com | www.157234.com | www.97jsc.com | www.983003.com | 50028866.com | 655661199.com | www.h22365.com | www.58118g.com | www.77114y.com | www.50051v.com | 61999pp.com | 30304.com | www.ld003.com | www.9971001.com | www.603924.com | 2613g.com | am4848.cc | www.153995.com | www.56011q.com | www.676065.com | 1331r.com | 55899l.com | www.999866.com | www.81608n.com | www.403189.com | wtx2563.com | www.hmgj05.com | www.808888r.com | www.65707g.com | 88447.com | r45638.com | www.819843.com | www.7681003.com | www.257660.com | q4389.com | www.300t.com | www.86339s.com | www.514918.com | 2172288.com | www.995n.net | www.380820.com | www.369073.com | 58222ii.com | www.bet544.com | www.30350a.com | www.647311.com | 0500h.com | www.h7788g.com | www.68365q.com | www.026918.com | 53358h.com | www.99997488.com | www.36166hh.com | z58955.com | 3121b.com | www.6696877.com | www.917699.com | 4066n.com | www.365815m.com | www.56011z.com | 5651u.com | 2649i.com | www.85857b.com | www.hx1114.com | 66300vip17.com | www.20167744.com | www.91233r.com | 3616f.com | www.am3366.com | www.w84n.com | 998dlw.com | 2649kk.com | www.55060h.com | www.431056.com | wx3322.com | www.948.com | www.802865.com | x3405.com | www.6636msc.com | www.937652.com | 6099333.com | www.fc841.com | www.978951.com | 146664455.com | www.low8937.com | www.852021.com | 3435g.com | www.20199ee.com | www.591023.com | 7742uu.com | www.hg8mm.com | www.68689e.com | ff555w.com | www.0600g.cc | 8159xxx.cc | www.67797y.com | www.83993g.com | 3078j.com | www.5849.com | www.668566.com | 91019e.com | www.xpj558888.com | 0234oo.com | www.zr9933.com | www.7449cc.com | 4288a.com | www.cdzzcx.com | www.806375.com | xinhao88.com | www.69567h.com | mgm3242z.com | www.40048.com | www.15czj.com | kxmapp555.com | www.4058hh.com | 38345s.com | www.355006.com | www.c5986.com | dsdh2.com | www.40288.com | 313989.com | www.ee2229.com | www.658252.com | 8036i.com | www.ykylc09.com | 0234ww.com | www.cp9518.com | 8901z.com | www.w444999.com | www.641077.com | 1669jt.com | www.50788p.com | 00048y.com | www.5446x.com | 88455.com | www.90544.com | 33567x.com | www.518hwx.com | www.3126q.com | www.444019.com | 5589a.com | www.50026t.com | 2141133.com | 009900h.com | www.3678.com | www.un5533.com | 36404444.com | www.703wb.com | www.222380.com | feicai0853.com | www.930xj.com | www.41427.com | 8790vns11.com | www.196057.com | www.2021u.com | 20204.com | 123456.cc | www.02365.cc | www.33318x.com | 3679pp.com | www.634679.com | www.988jyh.com | 9411uuu.com | g3405.com | www.58870t.com | www.872879.com | 2757c.com | www.023128.com | www.78680s.com | www.39695u.com | 6137h.net | www.938751.com | www.1111yh.vip | 40660007.com | 1596.com | www.sxyl1.com | www.50999.com | 923560.com | 1259x.com | www.61500.cc | www.68058888.com | nn3189.com | vic0308.com | www.1035p.com | www.9999d.com | js5651js.com | huangma21.com | www.csgc8.com | www.sb5508.com | www.vns20033.com | 5478r.com | www.508277.com | www.0600k.cc | www.vns8489.com | 0064322.com | www.2632t.com | www.28168.com | 1288ss.com | 4647f.com | www.750966.com | www.9ccp22.com | 2649e.com | 7335f.com | www.978217.com | www.06820y.com | www.866890.com | 8538q.com | www.153680.com | www.37266m.com | www.hg6613.com | df8r.com | 20040.com | www.50051x.com | www.848434.com | www.yxlm33.com | 86811aa.com | www.191761.com | www.180662.com | www.0724drf.com | 6177009.com | 3189x.com | www.526052.com | www.776970.com | www.xg536.com | 0600i.cc | 8577s.cc | www.810877.com | www.laocaipiao.com | www.76060s.com | 3405ee.com | 2934q.com | www.cbw222.com | www.b33668.com | www.xpj98k.com | ff555z.com | 156250.com | www.217502.com | www.q93777.com | www.99113u.com | www.0377365.com | 4025q.com | 9964h.com | www.66652l.com | www.4727088.com | www.76543v.com | 2jsttt.com | 27365.com | www.448910.com | www.8d111.com | www.6666yh.vip | www.912suncity.com | 3121w.com | 7893w49.com | emv3626.com | www.0014x.com | www.7799nsb.com | www.flp1681.com | www.tqdc444.com | 56987yy.com | js89e.vip | www.luck886.com | www.27776.cc | www.07679e.com | www.8885554.com | www.bm1102.vip | 3817.com | bo667766.com | www.50052i.com | www.le520.com | www.86339g.com | www.8511msc.com | www.28758i.com | 6641818.com | bwin8l.com | 3544p.com | www.022sx.cc | www.ejylc13.com | www.g948g.com | www.hg7227.com | 1479u.com | 8956789.com | 4997y.com | 5622r.com | www.346411.com | www.069wy.com | www.6888776.com | www.3066bb.com | www.54555.com | www.29886s.com | bet3659905.com | 8522dddd.com | 97340022.com | 1654v.com | 11440.com | www.277320.com | www.yi636.com | www.99099hh.com | www.32031d.com | www.365066.bet | www.444510.com | www.2078u.com | www.yqf2.com | 2643b.com | 2091.com | 4165l.com | qijidianyou.com | yd11666.com | www.810706.com | www.5086w.com | www.29468.com | www.5719v.com | www.hg9010.com | www.5454i.com | www.34586.com | 3245m.com | dz3222.com | 610238.com | 9980.com | 5001z.com | dz881.com | www.136025.com | www.524880.com | www.hw8889.com | www.5484e.com | www.76520x.com | www.7880.com | www.1764i.com | www.32031f.com | www.huangma28.com | www.3157b.com | www.2945d.com | www.2011.vip | www.66442.com | www.pj5747.com | www.626022.com | www.53516a.com | www.vn99.vn | www.tyc8588.com | 3258f.com | 7610.com | 2851g.com | by9911.com | 996622qq.com | le888s.com | 31894000.com | 922310.com | 168cp-m.com | feicai0917.com | 922160.com | 3122p.com | 54540123.com | vns345999.com | 588ccc.cc | jsjlb66.com | 4023g.com | p7890.com | 9649m.com | zzz8827.com | 26444v.com | 528866.com | 7736w.com | www.wns8818.com | www.xinsezhan.com | www.hg3598.com | www.hg2239.net | www.223456u.com | 19991c.com | www.9544j.com | www.9374l.com | www.4688111.com | www.js13777.com | www.xpj9780.com | www.88399a.com | www.328466.com | www.476397.com | www.5446ii.com | www.9908598.com | www.yh67555.com | www.12136b.com | www.97828j.vip | www.038839.com | www.50080d.com | www.669by.com | www.775790.com | www.587502.com | www.60108e.com | 3202.com | n08199.com | 66458y.com | 86226.com | 4647l.com | 8827yyy.com | www.x32126.cc | www.w88w118.com | www.309993.com | www.77007.com | www.06387755.com | www.33678yy.com | www.16065j.com | www.6364r.com | www.810526.com | www.009275.com | 5168b.com | 4116i.com | 3033d.com | g2824.com | www.xjs8893.com | www.n27229.com | www.66877.com | www.0849j.com | www.6057777.com | www.10wb.top | www.933777a.com | www.393830.com | 274044.com | 5802dd.com | jj40033.com | hg3006.tw | www.8885888.com | www.577177b.com | www.808888r.com | www.087f.com | www.61233g.com | www.767198.com | z03.com | 33313m.com | 22222ylg.com | da611.com | www.133vns.com | www.cpa866.com | www.0044sun.com | www.6832u.com | www.345897.com | 3644e.com | 9068bb.com | 20054477.com | www.36530088.com | www.5487.com | www.5886nn.com | www.77996b.com | www.394811.com | k1.z6528.com | b9961.com | 33567l.com | www.hg0998.com | www.8313p.com | www.418587.com | www.022t.cc | 1775z.com | 80368r.com | 44267.com | www.v17888.com | www.1919msc.com | www.99yh21.com | www.931786.com | pp7742.com | 4955m.com | www.9464770.com | www.980733.cc | www.b35zz.com | www.50080p.com | www.206882.com | 8381o.com | 3189vv.com | www.2643j.com | www.3983201.com | www.26163s.com | 39830f.com | 1434i.com | 7742q.com | www.8880165.com | www.55mgm777.com | www.9356c.com | www.534457.com | 61788.am | tyc70.com | www.2y3y.hk | www.68993271.com | www.909644.com | 3405ddd.com | 2490f.com | www.32666c.com | www.115527r.com | www.21202n.com | 33sb.com | 55967v.com | www.h7714.com | www.53096666.com | www.34788c.com | 201599.com | 3534k.com | www.3643p.com | www.4196t.com | www.799666a.com | yth2.net | 8577m.cc | www.long987.com | www.6678698.com | www.178352.com | 4776600.com | www.1111wnsr.com | www.674886.com | www.36787j.com | 5003o.com | 33382pp.com | www.ambjlb.com | www.pj888l.com | www.346177.com | 3775s.com | www.xpj8808.com | www.yh234c.com | www.711895.com | 4379v.com | www.8124o.com | www.hg8tt.com | www.hx1116.com | pj00aa.com | feicai0354.com | www.cp67771.com | www.3126l.com | 32126o.net | 2649ii.com | www.2302326.com | www.60123c.com | 04666k.com | 80892l.com | www.hjcp9.com | www.999hy.cc | 463d7.com | www.yh77707.com | www.6880kk.com | www.803242.com | 0652y.com | www.4107y.com | www.3846.com | xpj01988.com | yh645.cn | www.709msc.com | www.3478c.cc | 706804.net | www.555xhtd.com | www.12136a.com | www.183799.com | df8kk.com | www.82899.com | www.36787h.com | dz825.com | 2698q.com | www.b35tt.com | www.375951.com | 3435f.com | www.91221.com | www.8039r.com | 18-82.com | www.7025f.com | www.hg7800.com | 2229649.com | 1624gg.com | www.116668.net | www.399130.com | 8547oo.com | www.8582uu.com | www.hx6691.com | yumingty5.com | www.gf8118.com | www.954321u.com | 4018j.com | 33229193.com | www.490804.com | 63305.com | 2506g.com | www.q3410.com | 8381qq.com | 59889t.com | www.79095u.com | mtkhgwnn.cn | 2355q.com | www.n69096.com | 60540055.com | 22ee8331.com | www.hs066.com | www.040425.com | sj7377.com | www.89677y.com | www.39500v.com | 556888.com | www.h80288.com | 8015p.com | 2698q.com | www.087f.com | 939000.com | www.76060h.com | www.xy52.com | yt8.com | www.05125e.com | www.3479x.com | 8037zz.com | www.vns7312.com | www.912063.com | 915905963.com | www.jjjj22222.com | www.609814.com | 39830.com | www.e3410.com | 8030e.com | www.yh6996.com | www.61233c.com | 0241t.com | www.015.com | www.196087.com | 500000550.com | www.222335.com | 1005022.com | www.82508b.com | www.811310.com | 30178844.com | www.1429f1.com | 8890832.com | www.1597sss.com | www.65yb.com | 5003z.com | www.4058qq.com | 9149r.com | www.boma0199.com | www.c1968.com | 131lll.net | www.800795.com | 3178s.com | www.677506.com | www.912162.com | 0241.com | www.www014678.com | 2019lcc | www.j4042.com | 55545z.com | www.h7788o.com | www.08588z.com | 2211buyu.com | www.c83377.com | 457209.com | www.31268.com | www.335037.com | www.hg3442.com | www.50080j.com | 7003rr.com | www.r999999.com | 4066qq.com | www.511838.com | baidu886.com | www.7025p.com | www.979683.com | 3245.com | www.84499p.com | 99151s.com | www.50999g.com | 5443h.com | www.js1108.com | www.550274.com | www.g50336.com | www.60ksw.com | 86818789.com | www.hbet96.com | 3999xl.com | www.5189333.com | 55984y.com | www.msc555.com | 0234ff.com | www.www--77658.cc | www.514577.com | www.0909v.com | www.863012.com | 2851.com | www.65707x.com | 76886k.com | www.0055wd.com | 584464.com | www.56011a.com | 1h-7.cc | www.hg7225.com | 3890t.com | www.780780e.com |