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長沙雅禮中學與耶魯大學的歷史淵源

時間:2019-01-08來源:歷史故事網 作者: 佚名

世界著名學府耶魯大學(Yale University),坐落于美國 康涅狄格州一個小城市紐黑文 。她創始于1701年,是美國歷史上建立的第三所大學,憑借著高端的學術陣容、前沿的科研創新、科學的課程設置、一流的場館設施以及深厚的歷史底蘊,躋身于世界首屈一指的常青藤大學之列。

作為美國最具影響力的私立大學之一,其本科學院與哈佛大學、普林斯頓大學本科生院齊名,歷年來共同角逐美國大學本科生院美國前三名的位置。耶魯大學共走出了5位美國總統、19位美國最高法院大法官、培養出國務卿、參眾議員不計其數,獲諾貝爾獎金的科學家也不計其數。

耶魯大學與中國的關系始于1850年容閎入學。他早期在澳門由上過耶魯的塞繆爾·羅賓斯·布朗(Samuel Robbins Brown)辦的學校就讀。容閎的能力給布朗的印象深刻,布朗將其送往美國一所預備學校,后來入學耶魯。容閎于1854年畢業,成為獲得美國學院或大學學位的第一位中國人。

雅禮中學

雅禮中學教學樓上的校徽

那么耶魯大學與遠在萬里之外的長沙雅禮中學有什么關系呢?

雅禮與耶魯的歷史淵源

“雅”與“禮”。美國和中國有“雅禮協會”(Yale-in-China Association)。Yale一般翻譯為耶魯,雅禮是國學家錢穆的雅譯。耶是虛詞,又使人想起耶穌、耶律等外來姓名;魯則有任性、率真之意,粗魯更是貶義詞。新詩、舊詩各有優劣,我曾多次闡釋過。新詩之發軔,有外國的影響;其形式上相對的自由,則予人任性、率真的感覺。然則新詩者,耶魯耶?舊詩者,雅禮耶?

清末明初,美國教會在華教育事業迅速拓展,興辦中學教育一直被美國創教師視為教育事業中的”中堅“部分”,特別是隨著新文化運動的崛起,中國的學制開始全面從“仿日”向“仿美“過渡,雅禮中學則是其中最具代表性的一所。

1901年6月25日,正值科舉廢弛,新學興張的教育變革時期,受美國學生志愿海外傳教運動的影響,美國耶魯大學學術赴中國傳教的組織美國雅禮協會(Yale mission in china或yale-china association)遠涉重洋來到湖南長沙,于1906年11月16日在長沙西牌樓創辦了“雅禮大學堂”,也就是后來定名的“雅禮大學”。'雅禮'二字既是Yale的譯音,也取自《論語·述而》篇'子年雅言,詩書執禮'的詞義。

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