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習大大說歷史 習大大談歷史的重要性

時間:2018-04-29來源:歷史故事網 作者:

  習近平在致信祝賀第二十二屆國際歷史科學大會開幕時提到:“人事有代謝,往來成古今。歷史研究是一切社會科學的基礎,承擔著‘究天人之際,通古今之變’的使命。”

  

  他還在賀信中提到“歷史是最好的老師”,這已不是習大大第一次提這個說法。對于歷史這位好老師,習大大還說過哪些話?

  

  一、歷史有多重要?

  

  滅人之國,必先去其史

  

  古人說:滅人之國,必先去其史。國內外敵對勢力往往就是拿中國革命史、新中國歷史來做文章,竭盡攻擊、丑化、污蔑之能事,根本目的就是要搞亂人心,煽動推翻中國共產黨的領導和我國社會主義制度。

  

  ——2013年1月5日,習近平在新進中央委員會的委員、候補委員學習貫徹黨的十八大精神研討班上發表講話。

  

  中國革命歷史是最好的營養劑

  

  西柏坡我來過多次,每次都懷著崇敬之心來,帶著許多思考走……對我們共產黨人來說,中國革命歷史是最好的營養劑。多學習多重溫,心中會增添許多正能量。

  

  ——2013年7月11日,習近平到平山縣西柏坡參觀,對當地干部群眾說。

  

  歷史是最好的老師

  

  歷史是最好的老師,它忠實記錄下每一個國家走過的足跡,也給每一個國家未來的發展提供啟示。

  

  ——2014年3月28日,習近平在德國科爾伯基金會的演講。

  

  歷史是最好的清醒劑

  

  歷史是最好的教科書,也是最好的清醒劑。中國人民對戰爭帶來的苦難有著刻骨銘心的記憶,對和平有著孜孜不倦的追求。

  

  ——在2014年7月7日舉行的全民族抗戰爆發77周年紀念活動上,習近平發表講話。

  

  牢記歷史經驗、牢記歷史教訓、牢記歷史警示

  

  對綿延5000多年的中華文明,我們應該多一份尊重,多一份思考。對古代的成功經驗,我們要本著擇其善者而從之、其不善者而去之的科學態度,牢記歷史經驗、牢記歷史教訓、牢記歷史警示,為推進國家治理體系和治理能力現代化提供有益借鑒。

  

  ——習近平在2014年10月13日中共中央政治局第十八次集體學習時強調。

  

  二、如何研究歷史?

  

  研究歷史不能隔斷歷史的內在聯系

  

  不能用改革開放后的歷史時期否定改革開放前的歷史時期,也不能用改革開放前的歷史時期否定改革開放后的歷史時期。要堅持實事求是的思想路線,分清主流和支流,堅持真理,修正錯誤,發揚經驗,吸取教訓,在這個基礎上把黨和人民事業繼續推向前進。

  

  ——2013年1月5日,習近平在新進中央委員會的委員、候補委員學習貫徹黨的十八大精神研討班開班式上講話。

  

  對歷史人物的評價要放在時代和社會歷史條件中

  

  對歷史人物的評價,應該放在其所處時代和社會的歷史條件下去分析,不能離開對歷史條件、歷史過程的全面認識和對歷史規律的科學把握,不能忽略歷史必然性和歷史偶然性的關系。不能把歷史順境中的成功簡單歸功于個人,也不能把歷史逆境中的挫折簡單歸咎于個人。

  

  ——2013年12月26日,習近平在紀念毛澤東同志誕辰120周年座談會上講話。

  

  堅持正確的歷史觀:讓歷史說話,用史實發言

  

  深入開展中國人民抗日戰爭研究,必須堅持正確歷史觀、加強規劃和力量整合、加強史料收集和整理、加強輿論宣傳工作,讓歷史說話,用史實發言,著力研究和深入闡釋中國人民抗日戰爭的偉大意義、中國人民抗日戰爭在世界反法西斯戰爭中的重要地位、中國共產黨的中流砥柱作用是中國人民抗日戰爭勝利的關鍵等重大問題。

  

  ——2015年7月30日,中共中央政治局就中國人民抗日戰爭的回顧和思考進行第二十五次集體學習,習近平在主持學習時強調。(新京報全媒體編輯戴熙婷整理)

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