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青年毛澤東的故事

時間:2011-06-05來源:歷史故事網 作者:

  毛澤東16歲的時候,離開家鄉,進入湘鄉縣立東山高等小學堂讀書。比起有錢人家子弟,他很窮,年紀也大些。但是他比他們成熟得多,特別是他的作文,每篇都寫得好,在全校出了名。這期間,他讀了更多的書。有一次,他讀了一本《世界英雄豪杰傳》,對書里寫到的華盛頓、拿破侖、林肯、彼得、盧梭等人物非常佩服,在書上打了許多記號,寫了好多批語,還對同學們說:
  
  “中國也要有這樣的人物才行。我們每個人都應該努力呀!”
  
  毛澤東從這時候起,就立志要做個救中國的人了。半年以后,他又到長沙進了中學。不久,反對清朝統治的武昌起義爆發,長沙的革命黨人也舉行起義,宣布脫離清朝政府。毛澤東十分興奮,心想:革命終于起來了,我既然要救國,就不能袖手旁觀,我要去當兵,上前線去。于是,他毅然退了學,參加了新軍,整天和士兵們一起操練,準備到戰場上保衛革命果實。
  
  不料,清朝被推翻了,可革命的成果被封建軍閥袁世凱竊奪了。毛澤東大失所望,決定退伍,繼續求學。1913年,他考入了長沙的一所師范學校,就是有名的湖南省立第一師范學校。在這所學校里,他學習了五年多,奠定了他的知識和學問的基礎,也充分顯示了他獨特的性格。
  
  當時在第一師范,提起毛澤東,沒人不知道,他是個很特別又才華出眾的學生。他博覽群書,尤其喜歡讀文學、歷史和哲學著作,主張多讀、多寫、多想、多問。同學們經常看見他晚上在走廊的燈下看書,或是自備一盞燈,看個通宵。他寫的文章常常被當作“范文”張貼出來,引起轟動;他也經常去找老師求教,提出一個又一個問題。為了養成自學的習慣,他甚至故意到人來人往又嘈雜的城門口看書,鍛煉腦力高度集中的本領。
  
  提起毛澤東鍛煉身體的事,就更讓人佩服了。他曾經寫過一篇文章叫《體育之研究》,主張人要“文明其精神,野蠻其體魄”。他自己就有意強化身體的適應能力。比如“冷水浴”:用井水澆身;“日浴”:在陽光下曬身;“風浴”:站在開闊地界,讓大風盡情地吹;“雨浴”:下雨天到外面行走,讓雨淋個透。他還鍛煉一天吃兩頓飯甚至一頓飯;至于到湘江中去游泳,更是常有的事。
  
  長沙城郊的岳麓山是個風景如畫的地方。毛澤東經常和同學蔡和森等人去爬山、跑步,有時候還露宿在山里。有一次,他和蔡和森露宿郊外,一個在山上睡,一個在山下睡。事后,蔡和森的母親問他們為什么不在一起,毛澤東笑笑說:
  
  “這樣可以鍛煉身體,還可以培養膽量啊!”
  
  毛澤東的成長說明:一個人在學生時代,應該腳踏實地多學多練,不怕吃苦,還要敢于“自找苦吃”,才能為國為民做出貢獻,自己也受益一生。他當時在日記中寫過一句很有氣魄的話:
  
  與天奮斗,其樂無窮!
  
  與地奮斗,其樂無窮!
  
  與人奮斗,其樂無窮!

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