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諸葛亮簡介,諸葛亮的故事

時間:2016-03-16來源:歷史故事網 作者:
諸葛亮簡介,諸葛亮的故事

  諸葛亮,字孔明、號臥龍(也作伏龍),漢族,瑯琊陽都(今山東臨沂市沂南縣)人,三國時期蜀漢丞相、杰出的政治家、軍事家、文學家。在世時被封為武鄉侯,死后追謚忠武侯,東晉政權特追封他為武興王。諸葛亮為匡扶蜀漢政權,嘔心瀝血,鞠躬盡瘁,死而后已。其代表作有《前出師表》、《后出師表》、《誡子書》等。曾發明木牛流馬、孔明燈等,并改造連弩,可一弩十矢俱發。于234年在寶雞五丈原逝世。諸葛亮在后世受到極大尊崇,成為后世忠臣楷模,智慧化身。成都、寶雞、漢中、南陽等地有武侯祠,杜甫作《蜀相》贊諸葛亮。

  

  個人檔案:

  

  出生:公元181年農歷七月二十三

  

  官職:丞相、領司隸校尉、益州牧、錄尚書事、假節

  

  爵位:武鄉侯、武興王(東晉追封)謚曰忠武侯

  

  先祖:諸葛豐(西漢司隸校尉)

  

  父親:諸葛珪字君貢(東漢末年泰山郡丞)

  

  母親:章氏

  

  叔父:諸葛玄(豫章太守)

  

  配偶:黃月英(黃碩)

  

  同族:諸葛誕

  

  兄弟:諸葛瑾(兄)、諸葛均(弟)

  

  子女:諸葛瞻(長子),諸葛懷(幼子)、諸葛果(長女)、諸葛喬(養子,原諸葛瑾之子)

  

  孫子:諸葛尚(瞻長子)、諸葛京(瞻次子)、諸葛質(瞻三子)、諸葛攀(養子之后,后因諸葛恪獲罪,滿門抄斬,故重歸諸葛瑾門下)

  

  繼任者:蔣琬、費袆、姜維

  

  諸葛亮相關歇后語:

  

  諸葛亮吊孝——裝模作樣(假的)

  

  諸葛亮唱空城計——沒辦法

  

  諸葛亮草船借箭——有借無還(也可以是“諸葛亮草船借箭——滿載而歸”)

  

  諸葛亮焚香彈琴——計上心來

  

  諸葛亮哭周瑜——假戲真做

  

  三個臭皮匠——抵個諸葛亮(注釋:也叫做“三個臭皮匠——頂個諸葛亮”“三個臭皮匠——賽過諸葛亮”,“三個臭皮匠”的源頭應該是“三個臭裨將”,也就是三個副將。)

  

  諸葛亮的鵝毛扇——神秘莫測

  

  諸葛亮用兵——神出鬼沒

  

  諸葛亮隆中對——有先見之明

  

  諸葛亮揮淚斬馬謖——顧全大局

  

  諸葛亮皺眉頭——計上心來

  

  諸葛亮耍撣帚——出計不出面

  

  諸葛亮當軍師——名副其實

  

  孔明借東風——巧用天時

  

  相關成語

  

  足智多謀、三顧茅廬、鞠躬盡瘁,死而后已、七擒孟獲、赤壁鏖戰、草船借箭、羽扇綸巾、出師未捷身先死、萬事俱備、只欠東風、焚香彈琴、云淡風輕、談笑風生

  

  相關俗語

  

  曹操諸葛亮,脾氣不一樣。

  

  不出茅廬,知三分天下

  

  聰明莫過于諸葛亮

  

  三個臭皮匠,頂個諸葛亮

  

  萬事俱備,只欠東風

  

  三顧頻煩天下計,兩朝開濟老臣心。

  

  出師未捷身先死,長使英雄淚滿襟。(杜甫《蜀相》)

  

  既生瑜,何生亮(《三國演義》)

  

  非淡泊無以明志,非寧靜無以致遠。

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