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西漢皇帝列表

時間:2013-02-06來源: 作者:

   西漢王朝(公元前206年-公元8年),始于漢高祖劉邦,終于孺子嬰,共12帝。

漢高祖劉邦
(前256-195

206年稱帝,

在位12

 

   漢高祖劉邦,字季,出身農民家庭,陳勝反起義,劉邦響應,自稱“沛公”,前206年,劉邦攻入咸陽,后又與項羽爭天下,經4年,打敗項羽。與前202年建立漢朝,史稱“西漢”。劉邦在位12年,死于前195年,時年62歲。

惠帝劉盈
(前211-188

195年即位,

在位8


   
 劉盈,劉邦的兒子,母呂后(雉)。劉盈為人軟弱,呂后專權。在位8年,死于前188年,時年24歲。

呂后
(前241-180

(前188-180

年稱制掌權

   
   
 呂后,姓呂名雉,劉邦妻子。她是劉邦定天下的得力助手。劉邦死后,惠帝立,呂后掌權,她手段殘忍,野心勃勃。惠帝死后,她先后選立劉恭,劉弘為帝,自己掌握實權,又大封呂氏家族。她死于前180年,時年62歲。死后,呂氏家族就被陳平,周勃一網打盡。

文帝劉恒
(前202-157年)

180年即位,

在位24

   
   
 文帝劉恒,劉邦第四子。前202年,呂后死,劉恒即位。即位后削弱諸侯勢力,減輕農民賦稅,重生產,促進社會經濟的恢復與發展。漢文帝還是一位十分節儉的皇帝,自己穿粗制絲綢,妃子衣不能拖地,建造的陵墓隨葬品也只有陶器。死于前157年,時年46歲。

景帝劉啟
(前188-141

157年即位,

在位17

   
   
 景帝,文帝的兒子。即位后,平定吳楚七國叛亂,漢朝統一的中央集權統治大大加強。景帝繼續推行減輕賦稅和徭役,實行與民休息的政策。形成歷史上的“文景之治”。景帝死于前141年,時年48歲。

武帝劉徹
(前157-87

141年即位,

在位55

   
   
 武帝,景帝第九子。武帝在政治上繼續加強中央集權,陸續奪去大批王,侯爵位。并與匈奴進行長期的戰爭,先后以衛青,霍去病為將,屢次大敗匈奴。武帝時是西漢最強盛的時期。武帝死于前87年,時年71歲。

昭帝
(前95-74

87年即位,

在位14

   
   
 昭帝劉弗陵,武帝幼子。昭帝多次下令減輕人民負擔,對匈奴的關系處理也較得當。昭帝死于前74年,時年21歲。

宣帝
(前91-49

74年即位,

在位26

   
   
 宣帝劉病已,一名詢,漢武帝曾孫,祖父劉據,父劉進。昭帝無子,劉病已立。宣帝時,進一步確立了儒家思想的統治地位。他多次下令減輕人民負擔。史稱“孝宣之治,信賞必罰,可謂中興”。死于前49年,時年43歲。

元帝
(前75-33

49年即位,

在位17

   
   
 元帝劉奭,宣帝子。即位后封王皇后一家五司馬,侯十余,埋下外戚專權的禍根。元帝時有王昭君出使匈奴,但元帝時漢朝國力開始衰弱。元帝死于前33年,時年43歲。

成帝
(前52-7

33年即位,

在位27

   
   
 成帝劉驁,元帝子。成帝時,漢王朝衰落,外戚專權,元帝終日與趙飛燕飲酒作樂,成帝死于前7年,時年46歲。

哀帝
(前26-1

7年即位,

在位6

   
   
 哀帝劉欣,元帝的庶孫,成帝的侄子。哀帝時,社會矛盾尖銳化,但哀帝卻只信鬼神天地,寵幸男寵董賢,造成王莽專權。哀帝死于前1年,時年26歲。

平帝
(前9-5

公元元年即位位,

在位5

   
   
 平帝劉衎,元帝庶孫,中山孝王劉興子。即位時9歲。王莽掌權。公元5年,被王莽毒死。時年14歲。

孺子嬰
5-25

6-8)年在位,

在位2

   
   
 孺子嬰,宣帝的元孫,劉顯的兒子。即位時才2歲。公元8年,王莽自立,公元25年,孺子嬰被殺,時年21歲。

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