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周平王為什么要東遷洛邑?平王東遷的原因

時間:2018-01-06來源: 作者:

  【周平王為什么要東遷洛邑?平王東遷的原因】西周末年,王室內部矛盾重重。公元前781年,宣王子幽王即位。幽王十分寵幸褒姒,甚至不惜用烽火戲弄諸侯而博其一笑,各諸侯十分不滿。為討好褒姒,幽王不顧王室的反對,廢太子宜臼而立褒姒之子伯服,又廢申后而立褒姒為后。褒姒是褒國姒姓的女兒,申后是申侯的女兒,申侯是姜姓,由此就引發了姒姓和姜姓間的激烈斗爭,為西周滅亡埋下了禍根。

  

  還有就是外敵入侵頻繁。宗周鎬京,瀕臨西北游牧部落,經常遭到游牧部落的侵擾。公元前771年,申侯與犬戎聯絡,進攻幽王,諸侯都不來救駕。犬戎與申侯迅速攻入鎬京,幽王急忙逃到驪山,被驪山之戎所殺。這時,關中已布滿了戎人,宮室被洗劫一空,土地荒蕪。

  

  “平王東遷”還有一個重要原因,就是當時自然災害嚴重。據史料記載,宣王末年,西北關中一帶連年干旱,洛、涇、渭三川都干涸了,農業生產受到了嚴重的影響。同時,岐山一帶又發生了地震和地崩災害,老百姓的生產生活受到了嚴重的威脅。周太史伯陽父根據陰陽五行學說,認為這是周將要滅亡的征兆。

  

  另外,西周初年,周公營洛,也為東遷創造了良好的條件。

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