[歷史故事] [手機訪問]
歷史故事網-我們一直都在這里!
當前位置: 首頁 > 后宮故事 > 

《甄嬛傳》中真實的后宮生活

時間:2016-08-11來源:歷史故事網 作者:

  我(文/陶夢清)很少看電視劇,也不愛看,但如今熱播的《甄嬛傳》卻很吸引我,劇本寫得精彩不說,單是那些復雜的清宮禮儀,就很讓人受教。因為工作關系,我接觸史料和專家較多,冷眼看來,《甄嬛傳》里的清宮規矩和禮儀,還是比較符合史實的。只可惜《甄嬛傳》過于強調戲劇性,通篇都是勾心斗角、人心險惡,反倒失了皇家生活的全貌,這一點也正是其大受詬病之處。

  

《甄嬛傳》中真實的后宮生活

  其實,戲劇終歸是戲劇,清宮真實的皇家生活,也只有在歷史遺存或是文獻中,可以管窺一斑。從清宮遺留下來的一些行樂圖中,可以約略知道些清宮如“甄嬛”一樣的宮中女性的真實生活。

  

  中國清代宮廷內的后宮女性,雖然養尊處優,表面上享受著榮華富貴,但在現實生活中,她們宛如囚禁籠中的金絲雀,其活動范圍非常狹小,一道厚厚的宮墻,把她們與紫禁城外熱鬧喧囂的繁華市景割斷開來。

  

  據史料記載,清代宮廷生活充滿了拘禁和約束,沒有自由的生活使得后宮女性精神極為壓抑,如何休閑娛樂,排解胸中的抑郁,就成為每一位宮中女性必須具備的生活修養。

  

  觀戲,是清宮女眷們主要的娛樂活動之一。清宮內務府下設升平署,掌理宮廷演戲的事務。今天,珍藏在中國國家圖書館善本特藏部的“昇平署畫冊”,就是升平署制作的名為《慶賞昇平》的清代彩繪戲曲扮相譜。畫冊中的臉譜,均由宮廷畫師按照舞臺上,每出戲里每個角色的正規扮像繪制而成。

  

  養寵物狗,也是宮中女性消遣的方式之一。清內務府下設內、外養狗處,共養了數百只血統純正的名犬。其中僅慈禧就養了數十只愛犬,端莊皇貴妃也養了九只。這些狗的用具都非常豪華,其尺寸、用料、樣式、圖案,一絲不茍,都精心制作而成。今天,北京故宮博物院遺留下來的這些式樣別致的狗衣,便是那時宮中妃嬪們為寵物狗穿戴的各種衣飾。

  

  從現藏于故宮博物院的《清宣宗行樂圖》中,可以看到兩位年幼的公主腳下不遠的地方,就跑著兩只漂亮的小叭狗。《道光帝喜溢秋庭圖》中,表現道光帝和后妃子女們共度家庭歡樂時光的情景中,也可以看到很多可愛小狗的身影。

  

  宮中女性除了這些消磨時間的娛樂項目,還有一項非常重要的休閑內容。據故宮博物院研究員苑洪琪介紹,宮廷女性日常起居都有固定的時間,每天早晨,晚輩都要去給長輩磕頭請安,除此之外的主要活動就是學習。清代晚期的慈禧喜歡寫字、畫畫、看書,她也要求她身邊的女眷、女官、宮女都要學習。

  

  從慈禧年輕時候的畫像中,也可以看到,在她靠著的茶幾上,就有一本翻開的書籍。由此可見,慈禧的休閑生活中,無時不有書的影子。

  

  現藏于故宮博物院的《福祿壽》軸,就是慈禧御筆朱書的,為紙本,縱129厘米,橫62厘米。畫幅上端為一方“慈禧太后之寶”的朱文正方印。畫面上的“福祿壽”三字,用朱筆書寫,書體與眾不同,用象形手法組成,仿佛一幅繪畫作品。在結構上,“福”和“祿”兩字借用同一偏旁,福祿之間又夾寫一個壽字,中間空白部分巧妙布局,畫成一個壽星拄著拐杖的樣子,顯得非常生動活潑。慈禧寫的這些大字,常常用來賞賜內外大臣,以示恩寵。

  

  學習之外,刺繡,做女紅,也是宮中女性常做的事情之一。雖然宮中女子每年的衣服,都由宮里來定制,但內衣、鞋襪等都要自己做。所以針線活,也是宮中女子生活中的重要休閑。今天,故宮的一個大庫房內,還存放著后宮女眷們做的滿滿一大箱子的鞋底和鞋梆子。

發表評論 共有條評論

暫無

昵稱: 驗證碼:

推薦故事
微彩 www.78949c.com | www.092779.com | www.600hc.com | 80567v.com | www.js353535.com | www.196556.com | 925190.com | www.3691g.com | 1985555.com | www.6707555.com | www.16wa.com | df8bet.com | www.469703.com | 87665y.com | www.67797x.com | www.9356p.com | 67890o.com | www.i32939.com | 6446dd.com | www.hgbet00.com | www.10113.com | 55967z.com | www.4136h.com | d2554.com | www.572433.com | www.809387.com | 7744iii.com | www.zzyl63.com | 8896779.com | www.20199ff.com | www.80767e.com | www.pj9567.com | www.33598x.com | 21549.com | www.673888f.com | 2324ppp.com | www.08922004.com | www.223075.com | www.yh1144.com | www.fcff2.com | df8z.com | www.01088.com | 04666b.com | www.46630.info | 33599oo.com | www.35252z.com | lswjs568.com | www.hgw00888.com | ll38648.cc | www.299888.com | www.729908.com | hgw168g.com | www.3479l.com | 2543002.com | www.83993d.com | 85698v.com | www.868557.com | wns26.com | www.773bbb.com | 074o7.com | www.w69096.com | 1483t.com | www.19019v.com | 8381ss.com | www.e7457.com | 2613a.com | www.004433.com | 908080p.com | www.253777.com | ooo5144.com | www.27363s.com | 18891.com | www.19yh1.com | pjshanxi.com | www.078121.top | 66287d.com | www.55676x.com | 4488l.com | www.777999qipai.com | 8344222.com | www.913393.com | 2934r.com | www.22ttz.com | www.cr1118.com | www.202337.com | www.026789.com | 7726ddd.com | www.kxm06.com | 943a9.com | www.yh234g.com | 3568f.com | www.2418002.com | 20550459.com | www.cp67.cc | www.08088006.com | 4997k.com | www.qmc0066.com | baliren01.com | www.4809k.com | 44488e.com | www.269777a.com | www.3459g.com | www.083039.com | www.58atv.com | d2306.com | www.8998818.com | 3146.com | www.001562.com | www.3239888.com | 518cp3.com | www.8582jj.com | 1213mmm.com | www.91233e.com | www.bm246.com | hw002.com | www.150158.com | www.777xin2.com | www.162090.com | www.998855t.com | 469.com | www.60007r.com | www.bwin2288.net | cz1366.com | www.8905h.com | 3544l.com | www.195622.com | www.huidasj.com | zx4212.com | www.9478g.com | www.h7788i.com | ff555a.com | www.837292.com | 11162018.com | 3202.com | www.55717o.com | www.0111js.com | 0909.net | www.0343b.com | zg163.net | www.43131m.com | www.673888k.com | 4000853.com | www.622307.com | www.55526j.com | iii3405.com | www.707250.com | www.8222000.com | bbb1915.com | www.3333y.cc | www.3494.cc | 3033s.com | www.ya318.com | www.289333.com | 7726lll.com | www.hx6691.com | www.696568.com | 3522bb.cc | www.c6186.com | www.hg8059.com | ss4255.com | www.548411.com | www.xpj2070.com | 0600q.cc | 6261t.com | www.8d858.com | www.88021ii.com | 53206622.com | www.593411.com | www.c25.cc | 80368o.com | www.52072x.com | www.40288o.com | www.cr345.net | hg10b.com | www.757zf.com | www.77731v.com | 88807j.com | 08159y.com | www.52022.tv | www.07773.com | l2490.com | www.060640.com | www.557755.com | www.4972vv.com | a44.com | www.243500.com | www.52062j.com | www.333133b.com | 77606wcom | www.586960.com | www.704907.com | www.a78ts.com | 0289v.com | www.330295.com | www.3032hh.com | www.3643e.com | dzjcp.com | www.109076.com | www.222999qipai.com | www.hg726.com | 66300vip40.com | www.34788o.com | www.570041.com | www.44400.cc | feicai0771.com | 4255pp.com | www.c6129.com | www.bet63j.com | www.hg3733.com | 51133vv.com | 2096g.com | www.60123f.com | www.twcp03.com | www.38200j.com | 3522mm.cc | csj110.com | www.52511.com | www.cn365w.com | www.wwwjs6899.com | 5135j.com | 2306p.com | www.846631.com | www.0622.com | www.am1155.com | 81511v.com | 9rui8888.com | 01234k.com | www.6364s.com | www.06386622.com | www.3335544.com | 22333885.com | 80368tt.com | 86811nn.com | www.579699.com | www.954321q.com | www.1707222.com | www.55268rr.com | mg437766.com | 45637r.com | 3178s.com | www.596035.com | www.0601l.com | www.47700.net | www.hg5532.com | 5005j.com | hg0068g.com | 55331h.com | www.303476.com | www.23636vip.com | www.c94600.com | www.hf6699.com | www.js106.cc | 500000354.com | 3522pp.com | www.159957.com | www.9788t.com | hr1833.com | 8855670.com | www.9374z.com | 11989n.com | 4107x.com | 55984b.com | 8901d.com | www.403189.com | www.3479e.com | www.957004.com | www.e80288.com | www.552226.com | www.9908633.com | 97618a.com | 3668yh.com | js22888.com | cc3189.com | c75ioyt.com | www.620239.com | www.5095t.com | www.4923n.com | www.94j.ceo | www.673888w.com | www.6511msc.com | www.blr795.com | www.365815n.com | www.yh77707.com | hh5443.com | 8449ll99.com | u82365.com | 32555t.com | 61328833.com | 8850.cc | 11tyc.com | 5360qq.com | www.001537.com | www.392477.com | www.771746.com | www.cb6588.com | www.04gcw.com | www.51550.cc | www.15355f.com | www.9646m.com | www.js0909.com | www.4809v.com | www.820568.com | www.766159.com | www.38138g.com | www.7334i.com | www.71071q.com | www.99113l.com | www.7370.com | www.8884hj.com | www.sb5504.com | www.7334g.com | www.5309678.com | www.00772g.com | www.wnsr3526.com | www.79095l.com | www.xj6002.com | www.03a88.com | www.91779f.com | www.91779s.com | www.4546500.com | www.8911333.com | www.42456699.com | www.0005sc.com | www.wd0066.com | www.3978b.com | www.77801c.com | www.36788w.com | www.222xm.cc | www.607356.com | www.330875.com | 84496677.com | 32126c.net | 0363a.com | xhgt.com | 5350e.com | 3416b.com | 9149.com | www.i118cp.com | www.27706.com | www.vns2500.com | www.799666o.com | www.cn365w.com | www.4102l.com | www.91233hh.com | www.8039j.com | www.774311.com | www.xinyc3.com | 1331uu.com | qy688.vip | 36407755.com | hcp6666.com | www.ylg1234.com | www.032007.com | www.4058s.com | www.b35jj.com | www.4520044.com | www.52072t.com | www.955708.com | www.186756.com | 021717.com | 2257013.com | 22bb8331.com | www.yh1133.com | www.331333.com | www.10999u.com | www.37377l.com | www.hqcp6.com | www.068637.com | 15a49.net | 32555z.com | 88807u.com | www.55112055.com | www.sb5502.com | www.4331s.com | www.gyfc5.com | 535app.cc | 3136kk.com | 424138.com | www.558809.com | www.11ledian11.cc | www.sands2008.com | www.53900k.com | www.501433.com | 5168dd.cc | 4488m.com | 1591fff.com | www.hg7211z.com | www.47506e.com | www.50024g.com | www.281380.com | 78666f.com | 22117s.com | www.39695b.com | www.xy048.com | www.4323f.com | www.178326.com | 线路1005.com | 2306l.com | www.pj5673.com | www.801sun.com | www.918356.com | hg2808dd.com | 00048d.com | www.88837r.com | www.917090.com | www.5522h.cc | 2998i.com | zz38648.com | www.vns95500.com | www.30350e.com | www.c2398.com | 8030h.com | j1486.com | www.js08004.com | www.6789527.com | www.c1360.com | 08159v.com | g35151.com | www.138585.com | www.6939y.com | www.003851.com | 8159ee.cc | www.my1069.net | www.ldz333.com | www.937652.com | m45638.com | 50128a.com | www.dzcp2222.com | www.3479w.com | 566777q.com | 9149q.com | www.msc555.com | www.4323b.com | 5804z.com | 2146m.com | www.hg8249.com | www.66332h.com | 52599f.com | 3844bb.com | www.61343.com | www.5091i.com | gm13800.com | 1589vip.com | www.b35qq.com | www.648689.com | 7n3777.com | www.tyc923.com | www.7249w.com | cdlipu.com | bopaihang.com | www.ljw031.com | www.8499t.com | csj800.com | www.ag6.com | www.1022777.com | www.191855.com | 80368d.com | www.597567a.com | www.4189b.com | 2998r.com | www.535msc.com | www.bet3651688.com | P35y.com | www.6033f.com | www.vip9587.com | www.108075.com | 55331f.com | www.38345i.com | www.638173.com | 3522x.cc | www.58665h.com | www.723135.com | 3242v.com | www.lj551.com | www.ck1178.com | 3890g.com | www.009789.com | www.983003.com | 4488vv.com | www.360049.com | www.898341.com | f32365.com | www.79500j.com | www.500823.com | 61329911.com | www.30350h.com | 580778.com | www.55yh765.com | www.181442.com | 3967w.com | www.88gew.com | www.ya278.com | ss67890.com | www.5049n.com | www.302591.com | 44bb8331.com | www.789583.com | 12016.com | www.3046w.com | www.zhang258.com | 338333.com | www.55070s.com | 444000lll.com | www.7669j.net | www.52303b.com | 4590bb.com | www.caipiao88.com | www.78949e.com | www.8058.la | www.7714v.com | 99567e.com | www.799666e.com | www.36788v.com | www.7435x.com | www.50024w.com | 5856ooo.com | www.10999a.com | 00oo8331.com | www.959234.com | www.602852.com | 5003hhh.com | www.940.com | 3405vvv.com | www.55070u.com | 7744mmm.com | www.0003yh.com | www.681968.com | 3344vn77.com | www.50732z.com | 3405zzz.com | www.hgbet3.com | 3568w.com | www.1108617.com | 55818t.com | www.hg4748.com | www.502892.com | www.hg9050.com | www.2373t.com | 2359.com | www.84499m.com | 52599u.com | www.pj9060.com | 4488c.com | www.9895i.com | 170160.com | www.80jsjs.com | luoma2008.com | www.lzlylc.com | 83086z.com | www.987559.com | blr2033.com | www.306444a.com | www.50052u.com | www.tyc797.com | www.355911.com | www.56520k.com | www.587833.com | www.32126i.net | www.803402.com | www.hg9093.com | www.868216.com | www.682833.com | www.902271.com | www.892265555.com | www.917963.com | www.65533b.com | www.769639.com | www.7338007.net | www.606510.com | www.56520r.com | www.235672.com | www.23427q.com | hhhh19927.com | www.8000hm.com | bwin910.co | www.7842.com | 35675.com | www.69567f.com | 5856q.com | www.566493.com | 5804n.com | www.2875q.com | www.yh66604.com | www.653192.com | www.88837d.com | 888.SK | www.078999.com | 81366w.com | www.06820s.com | 9068ll.com | www.55785.com | 256777t.com | www.810355.com | www.912suncity.com | 28824b.com | www.5049o.com | 11005m.com | www.h36588.com | 09797.com | www.hy6931.com | www.b22365.com | 50038s.com | www.j3065.com | 7720g.com | www.js07678.com | 33115h.com | www.590596.com | www.hg0019.com | 7308999.com | www.803sun.com | 477105.net | www.50788p.com | www.7435a.com | www.50732a.com | www.20199ii.com | 8547n.com | www.99638b.com | www.hg22768.com | www.005710.com | www.751pk10.com | 47470524.com | www.33588s.com | www.shenbo558.com | 9856bb.com | www.38138h.com | 80850oo.com | www.915366.com | www.hqr77.com | 57157i.com | www.ejylc18.com | www.6033g.com | 1331a.com | www.bwin950.co | 9971004.com | www.769301.com | www.345007.com | 58222u.com | www.16878m.com | www.115888.com | 496dd.com | www.798345.com | 77885003.com | hg77710.com | www.377666e.com | 500000311.com | www.191065.com | www.10hga.com | 7742uu.com | www.505354.com | www.5966qqq.com | 3807mm.com | www.799497.com | www.99418.com | 4022jj.com | www.866248.com | www.hhvip87.com | 38345l.com | www.622989.com | www.79500.vip | 8522ssss.com | www.187135.com | www.9170113.com | 3122p.com | 11170011.com | www.hg89998.com | www.767xpj.com | aipin888.net | www.51331f.com | www.vnsr388.com | pj00xx.com | www.608520.com | www.gt111777.com | 2764.com | 22xx8332.com | www.a773776.com | www.848959.com | 114167.com | www.535267.com | www.028126.com | www.4759pp.com | 44qq8332.com | www.371t.cc | www.3846j.com | 76543y.com | 9030d.com | www.b991qp.com | www.js0js0.com | ssha0004.com | 98y88.vip | www.jsc2020.com | www.vylc6.com | 915901596.com | www.372839.com | www.07679v.com | www.4938f.com | k67890.com | www.243552.com | www.js89w.vip | www.xpj88001.com | 6707888.com | www.190882.com | www.r63568.com | www.hg663.com | 9539p.com | 22ll8331.com | www.71399p.com | www.bai5544.com | 588fff.cc | 17771.com | www.770951.com | www.40288s.com | www.32666u.com | ff4119.com | q5429.com | www.9928b.com | www.d58.com | www.01a88.com | 492dh.com | www.129177.com | www.957004.com | www.90234.com | 55899m.com | 55229193.com | www.671966.com | www.pjc66.vip | www.44889u.com | 7605q.com | 908080j.com | www.911050.com | www.77786yh.com | www.jiliyule.com | 37570a.com | 0044buyu.com | www.328477.com | www.9646x.com | www.5049f.com | www.hg88161.com | 35222uu.com | 50000.com | www.caim5.com | www.823250.com | www.ambjlb.com | 3844bb.com | 0805f.com | 48586.com | www.2632z.com | www.88325p.com | www.hggj5551.com | 1288bb.com | 3890q.com | 123456jj.cc | www.luck818.com | www.55768.cc | www.8473b.com | www.9949r.com | 131aa.net | 835889.com | 1168x.com | www.369072.com | www.7239a.com | www.b35oo.com | www.32788a.com | www.lpj789.com | 45637k.com | 118888l.com | 4195599.com | www.602913.com | www.80075z.com | www.n3410.com | www.03tyc.com | www.3459t.com | 2381bb.com | 9506x.com | 38238y.com | 01885j.com | www.701487.com | www.60007f.com | www.58908b.com | www.5504e.com | www.fbs44.com | www.hg0533.com | 99111ii.com | 4289n.com | 4812d.com | 7742bb.com | www.501210.com | www.1368u.cc | www.0601y.com | www.47506w.com | www.55c668.com | www.101vns.com | www.617704.com | 2060055.com | 13879455.com | j4255.com | byj.com | t2894.com | 2613p.com | www.168153.com | www.810706.com | www.3933k.cc | www.181442.com | www.yl61332.com | www.57800y.com | www.34i35.com | www.hg151.com | www.7893800.com | www.6491d.com | yin3333.com | 214tc.com | 24670011.com | 66287i.com | 33432g.com | 1442.com | 0080c.com | gbhs.AM | 0289p.com | www.81520v.com | www.589879.com | www.912480.com | www.2632t.com | www.61233h.com | www.ya2019u.com | www.hg192.com | www.97828e.vip | www.a3846.com | www.627464.com | www.00778r.com | www.848777l.com | www.99113s.com | www.c5c33.com | www.307922.com | www.998855j.com | www.hf9011.com | www.55526y.com | www.m4042.com | www.th1199.com | www.258suncity.com | www.fff3997.com | www.1389ee.com | www.qmc0077.com | www.j948j.com | www.ggm.99233m.com | www.163a44.com | www.9737xx.me | www.9570118.com | www.q1432.com | www.9895.com | www.5446m.com | www.3398755.com | www.999999qipai.com | www.68993226.com | www.ya2019q.com | www.66376k.com | www.7793f.com | www.c8714.com | www.669308.com | www.456639.com | www.196081.com | xbo198.com | sbc883.com | 9694k.com | 33382jj.com | 64640029.com | 3404f.cc | 2613j.com | 1005766.com | www.262xpj.com | www.98717s.com | www.5860r.com | www.18070.com | www.5209666.com | www.2997778.com | www.560900.com | www.50080k.com | www.c3518.com | www.449810.com | 496vv.com | ddcp33.com | 14848888.com | hbs104.com | 3178v.com | www.63877l.com | www.836666e.com | www.hg068008.com | www.2737012.com | www.senurcare.com | www.86267m.com | www.hx6666.com | www.324977.com | xpj816.com | 5437r.com | o82365.com | 8577q.cc | www.56520k.com | www.55288a.com | www.4078d.com | www.80032266.com | www.5441k.com | www.456639.com | js38887.com | bwin8l.com | 50067u.com | www.90866.cc | www.75499.com | www.19019q.com | www.4520066.com | www.3479g.com | www.218291.com | aipin888.net | 4165x.com | 3424w.com | www.645886.com | www.8313j.com | www.jzvip33.com | www.910155.com | 29918jj.com | yypxrht.cn | 2418j.com | www.3311sb.com | www.9418cp.com | www.6678579.com | www.912483.com | 69443300.com | h444000.com | 9895f.com | www.20180077.com | www.3066ll.com | www.51331c.com | www.226105.com | 1775nn.com | 8890852.com | www.32666g.com | www.bet91486.com | www.99638l.com | www.299695.com | 93922q.com | 3189vv.com | www.999e888.com | www.91779f.com | www.2875i.com | swin2.com | 3467g.am | www.zs1199.com | www.6a555.com | www.55238a.com | www.526901.com | 118888v.com | 2846w.com | www.1681688888.com | www.42070014.com | www.911203.com | 9002p.com | 6261v.com | www.y18kk.com | www.xpj11005.com | www.935257.com | 3482k.com | 9694l.com | www.6137f.com | www.56011z.com | www.723135.com | 915907854.com | 2355f.com | www.vs1368.com | www.sx1877.com | www.77801o.com | hhgz98.com | www.56520o.com | www.8645009.com | www.c6356.com | 3473z.com | jsjlb55.com | www.u4042.com | www.50080b.com | 922664.com | swin5.com | www.hg6556.com | www.4988h.cc | ly88888883.com | 098905.com | www.2078d.com | www.5856858.com | www.50064v.com | bb8159.cc | www.7348.com | www.4988h.cc | 00774xx.com | 2757t.com | www.552567.com | www.43818c.com | 22294411.com | 2355n.com | www.101045.com | www.c5884.com | 34p35.com | www.pj678.com | www.pjc11.vip | www.220755.com | 55991381.com | www.7498.com | www.35918d.com | 6556z.com | www.058msc.com | www.45598g.com | www.550264.com | r01234.com | www.pj5719.com | www.39500x.com | 9339999l.com | www.888vm.com | www.69567s.com | www.027079.com | 22dd8331.com | www.jjjj44444.com | www.55kcw.com | 3066nmn.com | www.hg1668.com | www.js69.com | 02edu.com | www.ou95990.com | www.69567k.com | www.33598i.com | 2247kk.com | www.6666yh.com | www.505680.com | 159666x.com | www.138cpv.com | www.739233.com | 3807t.com | www.3125008.com | www.915776.com | 8037bb.com | www.www-84507.com | www.973776.com | xinvip2.com | www.awwv.cc | www.959209.com | 23599j.com | www.qmc0099.com | www.599647.com | bet28f.com | www.65066bb.com | www.178752.com | 5443z.com | www.x32031.com | 7920.com | www.hg6914.com | www.400849.com | 88535g.com | www.0099ooo.com | www.8816x.com | 3559fff.com | www.82gew.com | www.420421.com | 2677uuu.com | www.99552ii.com | 3983012.com | www.bet36365.com | www.86267g.com | 33885003.com | www.158444.com | www.657069.com | 6137i.com | www.ba307.com | 7989m.com | www.09569b.com | www.3005y.com | 4541r.com | www.9737aa.me | xpj893.com | www.7893w04.com | www.8499r.com | 4114.com | www.b30666.vip | ee3189.com | www.29886h.com | www.sjgc4.com | hgwz33.com | www.780780g.com |