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勢如破竹

時間:2016-11-21來源:歷史故事網 作者:
  西晉時期,有一位著名的將領、學者名叫杜預。他曾任鎮南大將軍,都督荊州諸軍事。他有很高的謀略,被人稱為“杜武庫”。
  
  他曾撰寫過《春秋左氏經傳集解》《春秋釋例》《春秋長歷》等學術著作。其中《春秋左氏經傳集解》是流傳至今的《左傳》注解中最早的一種,被收入《十三經注疏》之中,成為后世儒家學者必讀的經典之作。
  
  三國時期,魏國由司馬氏執掌政權。魏國吞并蜀國后,司馬炎索性奪了帝位,建立晉朝,他就是歷史上著名的晉武帝。此時,杜預主張出兵滅吳,一統天下,他給晉武帝寫了一道奏章。晉武帝看罷奏章后,覺得杜預的意見與自己的想法不謀而合,就不顧眾臣的反對,下了伐吳的決心。
  
  公元280年,杜預率領幾路大軍向吳國發動攻勢。他只用了十幾天的時間,就占領了長江上游許多城鎮,沅、湘兩江以南一帶的州郡,也都投降晉軍。吳軍都督孫歆等二百多名官員被俘、被殺。
  
  杜預想緊緊抓住這個有利時機,一下子把吳國滅掉。可是有人卻認為,吳國是個大國,實力非常雄厚,要把它一下子滅掉實在很困難,況且當時正是夏季,暑熱難當,雨水豐盛,疫病容易流行,不如暫時停止軍事行動,等到冬季再發動進攻也不算晚。www.xz877.com
  
  杜預不同意這種意見,他堅定地說:“從前,燕國的樂毅靠著濟西一戰,一口氣就占領了齊國七十多座城池。取勝的原因,除了樂毅指揮有方以外,就是靠士氣旺盛。現在我方士氣旺盛,如果及時進攻吳國,就好像用刀破竹子,劈破幾節以后,剩下的就可以迎刃而解,不會受到什么阻礙了。”
  
  杜預按照自己的想法,繼續與敵軍作戰。凡是他的旌旗所指之處,敵人沒有不被打得大敗的。很快,晉軍攻下了建業,吳主孫皓被迫投降。晉朝終于統一了全國。征南軍隊班師回朝后,晉武帝封杜預為當陽縣侯,以表彰他平定東吳的蓋世功勛。
  
  杜預認為天下雖然安定,但爆發戰爭的可能依然存在,絕不能掉以輕心。于是他仍然勤于軍備。后來,他還利用軍隊興修水利,為人民造福。他的這些功績,都長久地留在人民的心中。
  
  ◎成語釋義
  
  表示作戰或工作節節勝利,毫無阻礙。有時也用來形容不可阻擋的氣勢。
  
  ◎故事出處
  
  《晉書·杜預傳》:“今兵威已振,譬如破竹,數節之后,皆迎刃而解,無復著手處也。”
  
  ◎出處譯文
  
  現在我方士氣旺盛,如果及時進攻吳國,就好像用刀破竹子,劈破幾節以后,剩下的就可以迎刃而解,不會受到什么阻礙了。
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