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仰人鼻息

時間:2016-04-30來源:歷史故事網 作者:
  東漢末年,董卓在朝中專權,上欺天子,下壓群臣,魚肉百姓,無所不為。各州郡的割據勢力紛紛起兵討伐董賊,共推袁紹為盟主。袁紹自稱車騎將軍,統率群雄,直逼長安。
  
  冀州牧韓馥負責討逆群雄的糧草供應,他看到袁紹深得人心,勢力越來越雄厚,害怕他奪取自己的地盤。怎樣才能消除袁紹的威脅呢?韓馥心生一計,那就是少給他們軍糧,使他們盡早離散。袁紹見韓馥如此對待自己,氣憤不已。
  
  一天,袁紹的一位謀士對袁紹說:“您想討伐董卓,必須有一塊容身之地,否則難免受人所制。冀州之地,人民富庶,糧草充足,而冀州牧韓馥又沒什么才能。您為什么不想辦法把冀州奪過來,作為養兵之所呢?”
  
  “哎呀呀,你說得太好了。若能奪取冀州,有了充足的糧草,我的兵馬定能得到進一步的擴充。這對我實在太有利了。”
  
  袁紹采納了謀士的建議,一方面秘密命令公孫瓚率軍隊佯做攻冀州之勢,一方面派遣自己的外甥陳留、高干勸韓馥歸順自己,拱手獻出冀州。
  
  韓馥面對不利局勢,仔細地想了一陣。他知道自己的才能和威望都不如袁紹,眼下又有重兵威脅,只好同意讓出冀州,也好保全性命。但是他把這個想法對部下講了,反對的呼聲卻很大。很多將領對韓馥說:“咱們冀州兵強馬壯,貯存的糧食足夠吃十年;而袁紹的人馬也就是一群窮軍孤客,依靠我們喘出來的氣而活著,又如同吃奶的孩子托在我們手上,假如給他斷了奶汁,他立刻就會餓死。我們憑什么要把冀州白白讓給他?”
  
  韓馥說:“我是袁家的老部下,論才能又遠遠比不上袁紹。我把位置讓給賢者,也是古人所贊成的,你們為什么要從中作梗呀?”
  
  韓馥的大將們還是不服氣,他們提出把兵馬開回來,與袁紹進行決戰。可是韓馥說什么也不答應,一心要把冀州讓出去。他派自己的兒子帶著冀州牧的印綬,去見袁紹,表示投降的誠意。[www.xz877.com]
  
  袁紹得了冀州,實力大大增強,心里卻容不得韓馥。到后來,韓馥受盡了袁紹的逼迫,自殺而死。
  
  ◎成語釋義
  
  原意是依賴他人的呼吸而活下去,現在常用來形容依賴別人,難以自立。
  
  ◎故事出處
  
  《后漢書·袁紹劉表列傳》:“袁紹孤客窮軍,仰我鼻息,譬如嬰兒在股掌之上,絕其哺乳,立可餓殺。”
  
  ◎出處譯文
  
  袁紹的人馬也就是一群窮軍孤客,依靠我們喘出來的氣而活著,又如同吃奶的孩子托在我們手上,假如給他斷了奶汁,他立刻就會餓死。

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