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鬼谷子的老師是老子嗎?鬼谷子的真實身份

時間:2018-04-10來源: 作者:

  歷史上最著名的隱士,莫過于老子和鬼谷子,而且有傳說鬼谷子是老子的弟子。而實際上《道德經》一書可能略晚于《鬼谷子》。這一千古謎團,唯一能找到共性的就是,他們都是隱士。我們都知道鬼谷子其實是個隱士,是的,一個隱居在鬼谷的人。

  

鬼谷子的老師是老子嗎?鬼谷子的真實身份

  鬼谷不像孔子,孟子是以一個人的姓命名的,“子”則是古時候對一個人尊稱,而鬼谷是一個地名。前天有人問我,鬼谷到底在哪?我想了半天說,可能在河南也可能不在。已經有很多地方號稱鬼谷子在自己地盤修道了,畢竟鬼谷子在傳統文化里是“智慧”的象征。然而滄海桑田,就如我的家鄉一樣,號稱老子曾經在缽池山修道一樣,千百年過后連山都成平地了,只能在一二古籍和傳說里捕風捉影。現代史學家們又考證出了一個新觀點,老子其實比莊子晚。而我們常掛嘴上的陰陽魚,無極等概念,其實到了宋代甚至更晚才有。如果用證據佐證的話,現代史學家們說的并不是沒有道理。鬼谷子,老子作為隱士,由于時代久遠,他們的真實身份已不可考,比如鬼谷子是否真姓王就不得而知了。他們的歷史面孔已經逐步被淹沒在了歷史的塵埃里,也有一種可能,他們是故意的,因為他們是隱士。

  

  縱然兩千多年過去了,孔子的面貌還能清晰的展現,甚至孔家后人一直繁衍生息,而鬼谷子呢?連姓甚名誰都不可考,我前面說他是故意的,因為作為隱士他根本不在乎。

  

  前面我引用《論語》里的長沮桀溺的故事說過隱士的態度,很顯然孔子是不贊同這種隱士精神的,因為太過消極。一直有個疑團,鬼谷子作為一個隱士為何要研究政治學?研究權謀,兵法?做個安靜的美男子不是挺好嘛。隱士做著出世的事情,為何不直接進去廟堂?阿信死來想去算是找到了一個讓我心滿意足的答案。

  

  儒家的弟子是儒家,墨子的弟子是墨者,唯獨鬼谷子的弟子是政客,兵法家,身上毫無隱士的一絲一毫影子,這也算是個絕妙的諷刺吧。一個隱士的弟子玩政治,玩兵法,玩出了花樣,名留史冊。也正是如此,所以世人對鬼谷子縱橫之說趨之若鶩。

  

  如果鬼谷子也與他人一樣,喝喝茶、養養生、扯扯淡、裝裝逼,那么就不是我們所認識的鬼谷子了,他雖隱居山林,但洞察世事,雖隱亦出。如果他只是立個道德牌坊,為自己名留青史,滿足好名的私欲,那他也就不是鬼谷子了。鬼谷子的局到底是什么?又豈不是懷天心,立一個廓然大公的心而已,也不愧負他的智名。

  

  所以鬼谷子是個隱士沒錯,但他隱世和出世,并不矛盾。

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